The recent Pew survey reveals that the percentage of Americans without a religious affiliation–the Nones–continues to grow. As I’ve written here on the blog, the rise of the Nones may pose a threat to religious freedom in America. By definition, Nones do not see organized religion as worthwhile; consequently, they may be less likely to endorse special legal protection for it. Supporters of religious freedom will have to work harder to convince our fellow citizens that religious liberty remains a vital asset, even for those who do not formally adhere to a particular religion.
Next month, Cambridge University Press will release what looks to be an interesting book on the subject, The Distinctiveness of Religion in American Law: Rethinking Religion Clause Jurisprudence, by Kathleen A. Brady (Emory). The publisher’s description follows:
In recent decades, religion’s traditional distinctiveness under the First Amendment has been challenged by courts and scholars. As America grows more secular and as religious and nonreligious convictions are increasingly seen as interchangeable, many have questioned whether special treatment is still fair. In its recent decisions, the Supreme Court has made clear that religion will continue to be treated differently, but we lack a persuasive account of religion’s uniqueness that can justify this difference. This book aims to develop such an account. Drawing on founding era thought illumined by theology, philosophy of religion, and comparative religion, it describes what is at stake in our tradition of religious freedom in a way that can be appreciated by the religious and nonreligious alike. From this account, it develops a new framework for religion clause decision making and explains the implications of this framework for current controversies regarding protections for religious conscience.