John M. Bickers (Northern Kentucky University – Salmon P. Chase College of Law) has posted a very interesting piece, Standing on Holy Ground: How Rethinking Justiciability Might Bring Peace to the Establishment Clause. The abstract follows.
The Establishment Clause is home to both procedural and substantive disorder. Particularly when evaluating religious speech by the government, the Supreme Court has applied a number of distinct tests, with varying degrees of strictness. There has never been an overarching principle for determining which test would appear at which time; commentators, and occasionally the Justices themselves, have suspected that desired results drove the choice of tests. At the same time, the Court has articulated a series of requirements necessary for a plaintiff to have standing to challenge government action, only to ignore them in government religious speech cases. The resulting lack of clarity leaves lower courts to their own devices in endeavoring to calm increasingly intense struggles. Continue reading